Abstract of a presentation conducted by
Department of Forestry and Environmental Science
University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka
The objectives in forest management are often achieved by controlling the characteristics of a forest stand or set of forest stands in to influence the growth and yield of those stands. Further according to the objective of the land owner, it will change optimal rotation period of the plantations rotation. Most government owned plantations are following biological rotation to determine harvesting age of the plantation while commercial plantations are managed with economic rotation to get maximum economic benefit.
Harvest scheduling is a traditional exercise carried out by forest land managers on public and private lands. Public land management has characteristically balanced timber and non-commodity forest production while private land is going for optimal timber production. Therefore, industrial plantation establishment has been dominated by profit maximization and cost reduction by various strategies like economies of scale. Forest harvest practices in Sri Lanka are conducted by two ways called thinning and final harvesting. Final harvesting can be done in different ways such as clear cutting where all trees are felled, while selective cutting, shelterwood cutting and seed tree cutting are also possible. Thinning generate additional intermediate income from plantation while improving site quality for plant grooving by reducing competition.
Replanting of a harvested site is an important managerial activity which depends on social, cultural, economic and environmental considerations. According to management decision, it can use the same species as before or different species appropriate to the land. When replanting is carrying out, proper silvicultural practices should be maintained to gain the final harvest as expected levels. e:g: nursery establishment and maintaining, establishment of pits for planting, spacing, block wise replanting, weeding, fertilizing, irrigation, thinning and pruning etc. All these action should be conducted in proper way to maintain good replanting practice in harvested land.